|Date: Wed, 21 Nov 2001
a simple explanation of what powers every electrical circuit.
we crank the shaft of the generator and rotate it, the rotation
transforms the input "mechanical" energy into internal
"magnetic field" energy.
In that little part of the circuit that is between the
terminals of the generator and inside it, the magnetic field energy is
dissipated on the charges right there, to do work on them.
This work (expending the magnetic energy) forces the negative
charges in one direction, and the positive charges in the other
direction. In copper, for
example, for every electron we "push" off an atom into the
conductor as a free electron to make "current", there is a
"hole" left on that atom.
That "hole" is a positive charge.
the same magnetic field energy, while moving those electrons, also
applies forces to those positive holes.
The positive charge of each hole, however, is attached to a far
heavier mass (the atom) than is the charge of the electron.
So the atoms with positive charges (ions) are pushed and rocked
back a little.
all that rotating the shaft of the generator accomplishes.
None of that
input shaft energy was transformed into EM energy and sent out down
the powerline, as electrical engineers assume.
Not to worry, energy does
get sent down the powerline. But
not from the generator shaft energy or its transduction.
then, all the energy we put into the shaft of the generator is
dissipated inside the generator itself, to push the positive charges
in one direction and the negative charges in the other.
The separation of the charges forms what is called a
"dipole" (opposite charges separated from each other a bit).
is all that the generator does. That
is all that burning all that coal or oil or gas does.
It heats a boiler to make steam, so that the steam runs a steam
turbine attached to the shaft of the generator, and turns it -- and
therefore forcing those charges apart and making that dipole between
the terminals of the generator.
and batteries make source dipoles, nothing else.
stop right there and see what happens, once
we have a dipole.
1957, Lee and Yang were awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of
broken symmetry, including the broken symmetry of opposite charges
(such as the ends of a dipole, like between those terminals of that
In lay language, what the dickens is that?
What does it mean? Let
us deviate a little, so we understand what has been said when we say
that "the dipole, once made, is a broken symmetry in the fierce
energy flux of the vacuum".
quantum mechanics, the vacuum (empty space) is not inert at all, but
is one of the most active and energetic things in the entire universe.
Imagine a giant sea of "energetic bubbles", boiling
up and bursting, and with mind-boggling energy.
Each little bubble arises and disappears so quickly that it
cannot be individually seen; but during the moment that it
exists, it has enormous energy.
vacuum or so-called "empty space" is just a seething sea of
such extraordinarily energetic bubbles of energetic particles
appearing and disappearing at an incredible rate.
Because an individual bubble cannot be seen, it is said to be
"virtual" (not observable) as compared to something that
hangs around a long time and thus can be "seen" or
"observed". An ordinary old electron
that hangs around all the time is thus observable;
an electron born as a special "bubble" momentarily in the
seething vacuum and disappearing again almost instantly, is not
observable but "virtual".
(pieces of electromagnetic energy) also come in both
"observable" and "virtual" size.
An ordinary old photon hangs around a long time and so it is
observable. We say it is
"real energy" because we can interact with it, detect it,
and observe it. A photon
born momentarily as a "special bubble" in that seething
vacuum does not hang around, and so cannot be "seen" or
measured or observed. So
it is said to be "virtual".
virtual bubbles appearing and disappearing in the vacuum are quite
real. The reactions of
lots of them with mass is what creates all the forces of the universe.
Any and every kind of force.
turns out that a charge -- any charge, either electric or magnetic --
is in violent virtual photon energy exchange with that vacuum,
continuously. That fierce
absorption of energy and emission of energy is in fact "what
charge really is".
visualize that as virtual photons (photon bubbles) in the frenzied
vacuum continuously interacting by the uncountable zillions with an
ordinary old charge (say an electron).
All the forces we observe acting upon that electron, are
created by the frenzied interaction of those virtual photon bubbles
with that electron.
the same for any other charge.
a dipole (two opposite charges separated a little) is a broken
symmetry in that violent energy exchange between the charges of the
dipole and that seething energy bubble sea.
That is well-proven, both experimentally and theoretically, in
particle physics since 1957 and the award of the Nobel Prize to Lee
still hasn't made it into the electrical engineering textbooks and
what we mean by that "broken symmetry of the dipole in the fierce
flux of vacuum".
charges on the dipole continuously receive energy in little temporary
"bullet strikes" called virtual
photon absorptions. So
the charge continuously absorbs EM energy, steadily and violently,
from the active vacuum at an incredible rate.
All the time. Night
and day. More in one
second than all the manmade power systems on earth have used in our
entire history. In other
words, it really receives
an incredible amount of energy continuously!
the dipole has to re-radiate (emit) that continuously absorbed virtual
energy back to the active vacuum, as fast as it receives it. Else its
rapidly increasing stored energy would rise so sharply that it would
create a new "Big Bang" and an entire new universe bursting
out of the old one.
the world is not continuously exploding around every dipole or
electron. In fact, the
dipole and the electron are quite stable.
So the dipole or electron has to be re-radiating that absorbed
energy back to the vacuum as fast as it receives it.
there are two ways the opposite charges in a dipole could possibly
radiate that energy back to space. (1) they could radiate it back as
the same kind of virtual photons that it absorbed.
In that case, there would exist "mirror symmetry" in
the vacuum flux, as if everything hitting the dipole charges from the
vacuum were just reflected exactly right back to the vacuum, like
light reflecting perfectly from a mirror.
that's not what happens. What
happens is (2) a lot of the little bitty momentary photons are
"piled up" and added together, to make a bigger
"chunk" of EM energy. These
"big chunks" of EM energy are the bigger, permanent kind of
photons! They are observable.
That's real energy, and you can intercept it, collect it, and
use it to power real loads.
reradiating the absorbed virtual photon energy as observable photon
energy called a "broken symmetry" in that vacuum
"bubble flux". In
other words, the dipole charges absorb energy from the vacuum in very
tiny momentary bits -- as something like "disintegrated" EM
energy. But the spin of
the charges of the dipole integrates that "disintegrated" EM
energy into very much
bigger pieces that are permanent and hang around.
So part of the energy received from the vacuum in a form that cannot
be "seen", is "glued together" into energy that can
be and is seen, and
re-emitted back to the vacuum in that real EM energy form.
we "see" the dipole as if it were just sitting there and
pouring out real EM energy continuously, in all directions, like a
spray nozzle or giant energy gusher. We don't see the input
energy from the vacuum at all! But
it's there, and it's well-known in particle physics.
It's just that electrical engineers -- particularly those that
have designed and built all our electrical power systems for more than
a century -- do not know it.
according to proven particle physics and a Nobel Prize, the easiest
thing in all the world is to extract EM energy from the vacuum. All
you wish. Anywhere in the universe. For free.
Just pay a little bit once, to make a little dipole, and that
silly thing is like a great oil well you just successfully drilled
that has turned into a mighty gusher of oil without you having to pump
it. The dipole just sits
there and does its thing, and it pours energy out forever, for free,
as long as that dipole continues to exist.
pouring from the terminals (from the internal
source dipole) of every generator and battery, there is a
stream of EM energy pouring out, once that internal dipole is made.
This outflowing EM energy has been extracted and converted
directly from the seething vacuum by that dipole's broken symmetry.
The outflowing EM energy is
not transformed shaft energy one put into the generator!
That flow of energy extracted from the vacuum fills all space
around the external wires attached to the terminals, and it flows at
the speed of light.
external (attached) circuits and power lines etc. catch some
of that available EM energy flowing through space (generally flowing
parallel to the wires but outside them).
Some of the flowing energy is intercepted and diverted into the
wires themselves, to power up the internal electrons and force them
into currents, thus powering the entire power line and all its
the power system engineers use just one kind of circuit.
In the standard "closed current loop" circuit, all
the "spent electrons" (spent after giving up their excess
energy in the loads, losses, etc.) are then forcibly
"rammed" back through that little internal section between
the ends of the source dipole (between the terminals).
These "rammed" electrons smash the charges in the
dipole away, and destroy the dipole then and there.
can easily be shown that half the "caught" energy in the
external circuit is used to destroy that source dipole, and nothing
more than a century, our misguided engineers have thus used a type of
circuit that takes half of the energy it catches, and uses that half
to destroy the source dipole that is actually extracting the EM energy
from the vacuum and
pouring it out of the terminals for that power line to
"catch" in the first place!
The other half of the "caught energy" in the
powerline is used to power the external loads and losses.
half the caught energy in the power line is used to kill the source
dipole (kill the free energy gusher), and less than half is used to
power the loads. It
follows that our electrical engineers are trained to use only those
power circuits that kill themselves (kill their gushing free energy
from the vacuum) faster than they can power their loads.
to get the energy gusher going again, the dipole has to be restored in
order to extract the energy and pour it out again.
we have to pay to crank the shaft of that generator some more, to turn
that generator some more, so that we can dissipate some more magnetic
energy to re-make the dipole. We
have to work on that shaft at least as much as the external circuit
worked on that source dipole to destroy it.
So we have to "input more shaft energy" to the
generator than the external power system uses to power its loads.
Since we pay for the input shaft energy, we have to keep on burning
that coal, oil, and gas etc. to do so.
our electrical power systems are "suicidal" vacuum-powered
systems, freely extracting their useful EM energy from the seething
vacuum, but deliberately killing themselves faster than they power
that the burning of all that coal, oil, gas, etc. accomplishes is to continually
remake the source dipole, which our engineers insure will then receive
be killed by the system itself faster than the system gives us work
in the load.
borrow a phrase from Tesla, this is probably "the most
inexplicable aberration of the scientific mind ever recorded in
electrical engineering department or professor in the United states
teaches or even knows what powers an EM circuit, or an
electrical power line, even though the basis has been available in
particle physics for nearly half a century.
that wanton and senseless destruction of the biosphere and pollution
of the planet, just to get our electrical energy from self-suicidal
power system, is insane. There
is absolutely no need for it. That hundreds of thousands of engineers
and scientists have continued this gigantic farce uncomplaining, is
absolutely inexcusable. That
the leaders of our scientific community continue to propagate such
nonsense, is also inexcusable.
is no problem in getting all the EM energy one wishes, for nearly
free, anywhere in the universe, and that follows from the broken
symmetry of the dipole. Just
make a dipole. You
get the energy flow for free, thereafter, so long as you will just
leave that dipole intact and not destroy it (or at least destroy it
slower than you power the load).
the universities, the National Academy of Sciences, the National
Science Foundation, and the great national laboratories are completely
working on the wrong end of the energy problem. So
is the Department of Energy, save one small project to donate a
website to the Alpha Foundation's Institute for Advanced Study (AIAS),
of which the present author is a fellow emeritus (old dog).
The conventional power system scientists have got the
cart before the horse, have had it that way for more than a century,
and are determined to forever keep it that way.
real and only energy PROBLEM is simple:
Figure out better mechanisms to intercept that FREE
electromagnetic energy flow from the source dipole, once made.
Collect lots of that freely flowing energy in
collectors and circuits. Then
discard the stupid closed current loop circuit and dissipate the
collected energy in the loads WITHOUT dissipating half of it to kill
the dipole and the free-flowing EM energy from the vacuum.
one AIAS paper, we gave some 17 ways to attack that real only energy
problem. Several of those
ways are doable now, but just require funding and a proper development
program. And some
engineers who also know some particle physics.
I personally know three inventor or inventor groups with
overunity EM systems in at least successful laboratory experiment, or
in actual prototype. Our
own group with its motionless electromagnetic generator using the
Aharonov-Bohm effect is one of those three systems that can be
developed and brought into mass production within one year, given
adequate funding (say, about 23 million per system).
The energy crisis can be totally solved, forever, anytime the
scientific community will permit it, fund it, and not try to
"steal" it from the inventor(s).
electrodynamics that U.S. electrical engineers are using to design
those present electrical power system monstrosities and the
accompanying extraordinarily vulnerable and awkward and archaic
infrastructures and distribution systems is 137 years old, put
together in the time of the American Civil War, for goodness sakes!
At that time, the atom, the nucleus, and the electron were not
even discovered yet. The
classical EM model is known today to be seriously flawed (e.g.,
Wheeler and Feynman pointed part of it out, and even tried to correct
it. They failed because
their corrections were not sufficiently extensive).
Even so, later even that 1865 Maxwellian EM model was also
seriously curtailed in
the 1880s (after Maxwell was already dead).
It was further crippled, first partially crippled by Heaviside
and then permanently crippled (as far as free energy systems) by
Lorentz. Prior to
Lorentz's changes, the Maxwell-Heaviside equations do prescribe both
(1) Maxwellian systems that put out less energy than the operator
inputs (i.e., the conventional stuff), and (2) Maxwellian systems that
put out more energy than the operator himself inputs.
The model (before Lorentz's changes) does include
"electromagnetic windmills in a free electrical wind", so to
speak. After Lorentz's
change, it is as if the further-stripped model now only contains
"windmills which are sealed in a barn so no wind can ever get to
me put it this way. Every
electrical system we ever built, and every one today, is powered by
EM energy extracted directly from the active vacuum by the source
dipole in the system. Always
has been, always will be. If
one really wants to get serious about it, all EM energy in space comes
from the time domain (see my Giant Negentropy paper).
Literally we "consume or use a little time, to get EM
energy in 3-space. One
second of time converts to something like 9x10exp16 joules of EM
energy. So if we convert one microsecond per second, at one point in
space, into EM energy in space, we get something like 9x10exp10 joules
per second -- that's 90,000 megawatts at that single point.
Even at a very efficient conversion process, we can get 1,000
megawatts there at that single point or location.
And we can simultaneously do that at each and every spatial
point or location that we choose.
how many programs are the National Academy of Sciences and National
Science Foundations funding for working on the only real fundamental
electrical power system problem (how to dissipate the freely flowing
EM energy in loads, without ramming the spent electrons back through
the source dipole and destroying it)?
Check their websites. There
is no really "innovative science" going
on to solve that problem. The
scientific community will spend and has spent billions on the notion
of hot fusion, without adding one watt to the power grid, but they
will not spend a paltry $40 million to solve the only remaining
problem that would allow very cheap and clean electrical energy for
the entire world, forever. And
that would dramatically and permanently reduce the despoiling of this
beautiful biosphere, the strangling of species, and the global
warming. Let alone
eliminate those nuclear powerplants and eliminate further nuclear
wastes from them.
cost of a single large new electrical power plant for a few years, can
solve the energy crisis forever.
was a flash in the pan prior to what can really be done with a single
well-funded and well-directed research program in 3 years.
We could have working commercial power systems, self-powering,
going into production in one year from the date such a program is
initiated, if we can get something like a Presidential Decision
Directive to keep the infuriated scientific community, the Big Nuke
Power boys, and the Big Oil and Big Coal boys off our backs.
Two years later that that first year, the range of systems will
include nearly everything necessary to permanently replace this
terribly vulnerable and antiquated centralized power system that is
going to require vast billions of new dollars and years of work, just
to try to stay up with demand.
how long will a dipole pour out that EM energy freely, you asked?
Let's put it this way. The
dipoles in the atoms of all the primary matter in the universe, have
been continuously pouring out EM energy freely extracted from the
vacuum, for some 14 billion years or so.
So as far as we are concerned, the dipole will pour the energy
out freely forever, or for at least the next 14 billion years -- and
that's close enough to forever for government work, so to speak.
we have to do is take the "electrical windmills" out of the
closed current loop barns we have been putting them in for over 100
the environmentalists really want to save the planet, then it is the
scientific community they should be attacking and condemning.
To do that, they will have to have some decidedly unorthodox
scientific advise. But we do have some extraordinary scientists who
can and would do it. They
would have to be paid, but they can meet all objections and the
deepest scientific criticism.
global warming, hydrocarbon combustion pollution, nuclear power plant
pollution, and dams pollution and degradation of species and the
biosphere, are totally unnecessary.
The only reason we have an environmental problem now
approaching such epic proportions, is because of the abject and total
failure of our own scientific community for more than a century.
That was excusable for a half century, but since the rise of
particle physics -- and specifically since the discovery of broken
symmetry -- it is no longer excusable.
Indeed, it so threatens the very survival of the United States
(and about 3/4 of the Earth that is going to be destroyed by about
2010 on our present course) that it has become simply inexplicable.
else can one explain the fact that, in 100 years, we have not produced
a single electrical engineering department, university, national
laboratory, etc. that
even understands what powers an electrical circuit?
And still do not, even though the broken symmetry of the common
source dipole has been established for nearly a half century?
organized scientific community
--- not the political community --- is totally responsible for the
the environmental community and the political community have been very
na´ve; they have turned for their "expert advice" to those
same engineers and scientists and organizations and laboratories that
do not even know what powers an electrical circuit.
And that have been responsible for the crisis in the first
place. And they have
naively believed every word they were told by those advisors.
Those who brought on the problem in the first place, and who so
stoutly defend the present mess (destroying the careers of scientists
who object and try to change it), cannot be depended upon to properly
advise anyone on how to correct it.
That is like setting the fox in the henhouse to guard the hens.
environmental community does a lot of activism, because it is filled
with persons sincerely passionate in their urgent intent to save this
precious planet. The
community has a lot of clout, and it also attracts a lot of money from
donors wishing to clean up the biosphere, and to have a clean air and
planet once again, with thriving natural species rather that species
strangling in the sludge and the mud.
sadly the community focuses (understandably!) on the wrong problem,
because it receives the wrong scientific advice.
The environmental community is led to believe that what is
being done by our energy scientists and engineers is the very best
that can be done. That is totally false.
environmentalists and the politicians are being misled by our
to popular opinion, science does not progress by sweet reason, but by
an unending series of cur dog fights.
Any historian of science can give dozens and dozens of
notorious examples (vacuum energy and cold fusion are two present
cases where the innovative scientists are being savaged without
mercy). The Big Dogs who
hold the upper hand in the present cur dog fights, are irrevocably
committed to more of the same systems the environmentalists despise:
Big nuclear power plants, more hydrocarbon burning, ever more oil and
gas pipelines, ever more dams, etc.
You cannot power the big cities and the increasing populace
with windmills and solar cells. Or
with fuel cells either, though that is now the "decision"
made by the various cartels that we shall have forced upon us.
Reason: with fuel cells, you will have to keep burning some
fuel, and keep that energy meter on your house and some kind of
"gas meter" on your car.
EM energy from the vacuum is deadly opposed by the cartels
because it is total anathema to that desire.
By removing that gas meter on your car and that electric meter
on your house, some vast financial empires are threatened and will be
destroyed eventually. We simply wryly point out that the top dogs did
not get on top by placing touch football; they got there by playing
very hard-nosed football. They
will do whatever it takes to oppose the knowledge and funding of
COP>1.0 electrical systems freely taking their energy from the
seething vacuum. Including
kill the inventors and discoverers as necessary.
They have been doing it for several decades already.
the dispute over eliminating the energy crisis versus saving the
environment then becomes artificially limited to the false
"either-or" choice between more
to provide more energy,
versus severe curtailment of
energy use from less energy-systems-as-conventional to
decrease the impact on the environment.
choice forces one to a choice in the national economy and way of life,
when only the conventional power system technology is considered.
With conventional technology, to maintain the economy for a
decent standard of living for all, we have to have CHEAP AND ABUNDANT
electrical energy and more of it every year.
With conventional approaches, to maintain the environment we
have to have CLEANER AND LESS electrical energy every year.
real solution is to kill the controversy and cut the Gordian knot, and
get rid of that phrase "conventional power system
technology" and that phrase "and less".
To do BOTH things at once -- have cheaper, clean, and more
abundant electrical energy and more every year -- we only have to turn
to proper use of the enormous electromagnetic energy so easily and
universally produced from the seething vacuum.
is a very good and proper science of the type of electrodynamic models
that have to be used to develop such new "vacuum powering"
systems: (1) higher group
symmetry electrodynamics should be used, such as O(3), which is
capable of modeling the vacuum interaction as well as the curvatures
of spacetime interactions (both of which conventional classical
electrical engineering discards), and (2) we have to put some sharp
but open-minded scientists on working on the real problem: how to
dissipate the collected EM energy in a dipolar circuit, without using
half of it to destroy its own dipolarity.
have to fund those sharp young grad students working on their
doctorate, and those post-docs working on new energy research, to work
in "EM energy from the vacuum".
Try finding a single doctoral thesis, candidate, or post-doc
working on a funded project in that respect.
entire solution to the energy crisis and to the environmental problem
due to energy is doable, and it's doable in three years.
But take an example: To get those two things going via our own
proposed COP>1.0 power system (the motionless electromagnetic
generator), we have had to move our final year of research to the
National Material Sciences Laboratory of the National Academy of
Science of a friendly foreign nation.
by the way, has been teaching the higher electrodynamics in its
universities now for more than a dozen years.
which, by the way, does know what really powers an EM circuit.
this fills the bill for you.