The Tom Bearden

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Subject: RE: Electromagnetic Energy from Curved Spacetime
Date: Sat, 6 Oct 2001 18:08:34 -0500


 We also call attention to the well-known broken symmetry of opposite charges, as shown and recognized in particle physics.  This means that a dipole is a broken symmetry in the virtual particle flux of the active vacuum.  In turn, that means that the charges comprising the dipole absorb virtual photon energy from the vacuum, but at least some of this absorbed energy is then re-radiated back in observable form rather than in virtual form.

 Consequently, once the generator or battery forces its internal charges apart to make the source dipole, that dipole then extracts EM energy from the vacuum.  Eerily, generators and batteries do not power their external circuits!  Instead, they make the source dipole, which extracts the energy from the vacuum and powers the external circuit -- with half the energy being used to force the ground return electrons through the source dipole against its internal field, thus destroying the dipole.  Energy from the vacuum powers every electrical grid and circuit ever built, and it still does.  None of the coal, oil, gas, etc. that is burned -- or the nuclear fuel rods consumed -- add one watt to the power grid. Neither does the mechanical energy input to the generator, nor the chemical energy dissipated in the battery.  All those do, is continue to restore the dipole that the closed current loop circuit is fiendishly designed to continuously destroy faster than it powers its load.

 As a gedankenexperiment example:  From a point in the laboratory, suppose we have a radial line reaching across the universe.  We have perfect field sensors every 1 second of the speed of light distance, along that radial line outward.  Suddenly a dipole is instantly produced at that central point in the lab.  One second later, the first instrument reads, and the reading remains, showing that not a pulse but the front of a continuous energy flow has passed.  Another second later, the second instruments reads suddenly the value of the field intensity there, and that reading then remains.  And so on.

 One year later, a volume of space one light year in diameter has had its energy density changed, and the energy on the periphery is still moving outwards at the speed of light.  From whence comes all that energy?

 The dipoles in original matter have been pouring out EM energy via their broken symmetry with the active vacuum for some 14 billion years or so, since the beginning.  In classical EM this problem -- of where the energy comes from that is pouring out of the charge, has been called the "most difficult problem in quantal and classical electromagnetics".  (e.g., Sen, Fields and/or Particles, Academic Press, London and New York, 1968, p. viii.  Quoting: "The connection between the field and its source has always been and still is the most difficult problem in classical and quantum electrodynamics."  Note that Sen's statement was some 11 years after the award of the Nobel Prize to Lee and Yang, who already solved that problem in particle physics, but under the broken symmetry of opposite charges.

 To solve the problem for a single isolated charge, recall that virtual charges of opposite sign cluster around it, as is well known in quantum electrodynamics.  Take a differential piece of the observable charge, and one virtual charge of opposite sign, and that is a composite dipole.  The charge then can be considered a set of composite dipoles.  Hence the broken symmetry applies to each dipole, and thus to the ensemble which in macroscopic electromagnetics is called the "isolated observable charge".  It is isolated from other observable charges, but not from opposite virtual charges.

 The "charge as a set of composite dipoles, each with broken symmetry in the vacuum energy flux", is the solution  to how the charge continuously pours out energy in 3-space, with no observable 3-space energy input.  It receives its energy from the vacuum as unusable virtual energy, but transforms it into real observable energy and then pours that energy out in all directions.

 For a crude first order model, the charge spins 720 degrees in one "rotation", being 360 degrees in the complex (time) domain and then 360 degrees in 3-space.  While in the time domain, it absorbs incoming scalar (time polarized) photon energy, integrates it with its spin, flips into 3-space, and its excitation decays then by re-emitting that EM energy in all directions.

 Now, one can easily do an experiment to prove that charge and a dipole do continuously emit energy.  Just place the sensors every one microsecond distance apart, and measure the result from a nearly instantly produced dipole or charge at the origin.  Either we have to discard the conservation of energy law, or else the energy must be continuously replenished from the time domain, i.e., there must be a time-like EM energy flow into the dipole or the charge. That evokes the time-polarized EM wave and photon. Obviously that would be nonobservable, since observation is a d/dt process invoked upon a 4-space LLLT operation ongoing, yielding an instantaneous 3-space frozen snapshot of dimensions LLL.  Any energy flow along the fourth Minkowski axis will just be discarded in the observation.  Repeated observation will continue to eliminate and miss all the input energy along the fourth Minkowski axis.

 So to save the conservation of energy law, we must propose time-like EM energy flow, entering into the charge unobservably (in the time domain), and observable EM energy flow out of the charge in all directions in 3-space.

 Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the scalar potential into a harmonic set of bidirectional EM longitudinal waves has an interpretation flaw.  Whittaker interpreted the phase conjugate EM wave AFTER it has interacted with a charge (i.e., the ubiquitous unit point static positive charge assumed by classical electrodynamics to reside at each and every point in 3-space.  In short, he interpreted two "effect" waves as if observed.  Instead, the "causal" wave always exists  in 4-space prior to the observation (yielding an effect in 3-space). So we reinterpreted his decomposition into an incoming time-like EM wave in the forth Minkowski axis, interaction with the standard assumed unit point charge, to give the output longitudinal EM wave in 3-space.  Note that these output waves are in all directions, so one still has a "biwave" solution via the symmetry in the distribution.

 But now the conservation of energy law is saved.

 Also, quantum field theory powerfully supports this proposed solution to the source charge problem of the association of its fields and potentials and all that energy in them, reaching across space.  In Mandl and Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley, 1984, Chapter 5, Mandl and Shaw strongly argue that neither the scalar (time-polarized) EM photon nor the longitudinal photon are individually observable, but the combination is observable as the instantaneous scalar potential -- which, translated into wave terminology, fully supports my reinterpretation.

 Further, note that "virtual" photons are not real 3-space photons, but have reality because they "exist in time" though not observable in 3-space (by a d/dt operation upon LLLT).  So the broken symmetry of the dipole, as shown by Lee and Yang who received the Nobel Prize in 1957 for predicting broken symmetry in several areas including opposite charges, also is consistent with the reinterpretation.

 Note also that U(1) electrodynamics does not contain any solution at all to the source charge problem, but in fact implies that the charges must continuously create energy out of nothing, a gross violation of energy conservation and the ultimate perpetual motion machine.

 With the new mechanism, one resolves all those problems nicely, and also has very strong and independent support for the solution.

 Prigogine should love it, because it moves us to a higher form of energy conservation: EM energy flow is in equilibrium and conserved in 4-space, but not necessarily in 3-space because of the broken 3-equilibrium of the charge or the dipole.

 Note also another thing Prigogine would like:  In terms of observation, this is a giant negentropy mechanism.  The continuous ordering and outpouring of EM energy in 3-space, simply by making a charge or a dipole, represents a giant negentropy process because observably there is a continuous outpouring of observable EM energy in all directions, without any observable EM energy input in 3-space.  This means that the charge and the dipole are open systems in disequilibrium in 3-space (but in equilibrium in 4-space), and hence the classical 3-space equilibrium thermodynamics does not apply to them.  Instead, the thermodynamics of open systems far from equilibrium (in 3-space) applies.  (Prigogine of course received the Nobel Prize in 1977 for his contributions to that science.)  Any such open disequilibrium system is permitted to do five "magic" functions:   It can (1) self-order, (2) self rotate or self-oscillate, (3) output more energy than the operator must input (the excess energy comes from the active exchange with the external environment), (4) power itself and its load simultaneously and continuously (all the energy continuously comes from the active exchange with the external environment), and (5) exhibit negentropy.

 Every charge and dipole in the universe already accomplishes all five functions.

 The problem is not in how to get the energy coming out of the vacuum; that is ridiculously easy and even trivial, all that you wish.  Just make a common dipole.  At that point you already have an EM system performing continuous giant negentropy.  The real problem is then in how to intercept and use some of that free outpouring energy in 3-space, to power a load, without using half of the captured energy to destroy the dipole (as all present closed current loop circuits do).

 The AIAS paper, "Classical electrodynamics without the Lorentz condition: Extracting energy from the vacuum," Physica Scripta 61(5), May 2000, p. 513-517, already gives more than a dozen possibilities for doing this.  The common Bohren experiment (which any nonlinear optics lab can perform) already exhibits the collection and outputting of 18 times as much energy as the experimenter inputs; see Craig F. Bohren, "How can a particle absorb more than the light incident on it?"  American Journal of Physics, 51(4), Apr. 1983, p. 323-327.  Independent replication of Bohren's results by Paul and Fischer is published in the same issue.

 So any dipole and any charge already extracts copious energy from the seething vacuum, transduces it into real observable EM energy, and pours it out in 3-space in all directions.  That giant negentropy will last as long as the charge or dipole is maintained. 

What is needed in all this is a rigorous theoretical paper by the AIAS, with far better work than I personally can do.  Many other AIAS papers already establish a solid basis for the theoretical possibility of extracting EM energy from the vacuum, and Cole and Puthoff, “Extracting Energy and Heat from the Vacuum,” Physical Review E, 48(2), Aug. 1993, p. 1562-1565, have shown that there is no thermodynamical reason that this cannot be done. In other words, we are okay here with thermodynamics, as well as with particle physics.

 Finally, gauge freedom itself, an axiom of quantum field theory, means that in an electromagnetic system the potential can be changed freely at will.  That means that the potential energy of the system can be changed freely and at will.

 Well, the only problem is in discharging that free regauging energy in an external load, without discharging more energy back across the dipole to destroy it, than gets to the load.

 Else we have to abandon the gauge freedom axiom, and that would be a dramatic change indeed to much of modern physics.

 Tom Bearden, Ph.D.

Sent: Saturday, October 06, 2001 3:10 PM
Subject: Electromagnetic Energy from Curved Spacetime

  The development of the motionless electromagnetic generator (MEG) has proven that electromagnetic energy from the vacuum can be achieved in the laboratory. The AIAS group has written several papers supporting this very important result theoretically. The development of the theory and apparatus is very important because of the shortage of oil. We are at the point where we intent to solve the Sachs equations numerically to model apparatus which draws energy from the vacuum. We would like to draw the attention of all colleagues to the attached paper by Bearden.
    There is a book by Crowell and myself, "Classical and Quantum Electrodynamics and the B(3) Field" (World Scientific, 2001) which develops non-Abelian electrodynamics. The B(3) field of Evans (1992) emerges from the Sachs/Einstein theory of general relativity.
     I will shortly scan over a theoretical paper which suggests that the AB effect can be the source of energy from the vacuum.