The Tom Bearden

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Date: Thu, 2 May 2002 21:45:01 -0500


You do not have to submit a working model to the patent office to obtain a patent.

There are already proven COP>1.0 interactions in the hard physics literature; e.g., the Bohren experiment, which any university nonlinear optical lab can easily replicate.  It puts out 18 times as much energy as one inputs oneself.  The remainder of the input energy comes from the vacuum.  When something has long been proven in physics, one does not have to reprove it.  There are more areas in physics than just the normal electrical engineering.

There also is a complete thermodynamics (of open systems far from equilibrium with an active environment) which also allows COP>1.0.  What is NOT allowed by any kind of physics or thermodynamics is greater than 100% EFFICIENCY.  The efficiency is defined as the total useful work out in the load, divided by the TOTAL energy input from all sources.  (from the operator, the environment, etc.)  That can never be greater than 100%.  The COP is defined as the total useful work out in the load, divided by the energy that the OPERATOR inputs.  That can easily be greater than 1.0, if the environment also puts in some energy.  E.g., the common home heat pump may have an EFFICIENCY of 50%, but a decent one will have a COP of 4.0 or so.

We never have and never will claim more than 100% efficiency!  But COP>100% is certainly permissible, and there is no law of thermodynamics or physics prohibiting it, nor does it violate the conservation of energy law.

A windmill, e.g., may have an efficiency of 35% or so, but it has a COP of infinity! 

Tom Bearden