|Subject: Coming new electrical
power technology revolution
Date: Wed, 26 Feb 2003 23:55:57 -0600
We note that, with the seriousness of the energy crisis, conventional scientific organizations almost without exception are still not addressing the long vexing (and previously unsolved) problem of where EM energy comes from in the first place; i.e., the problem of the source charge and its associated EM fields and potentials and their energy.
The source charge problem and its solution are in fact the key to future energy technology, since all the field energy and potential energy in every electrical power system and EM circuit is already obtained directly from the active vacuum, via the proven asymmetry of the associated source dipolarity in its continuous virtual photon exchange with the vacuum. The broken symmetry of opposite charges --- such as on the ends of any and every dipole and dipolarity --- was of course proven in particle physics in 1957 by Wu and her colleagues, resulting in a nearly immediate award of the Nobel Prize to Lee and Yang for having strongly predicted that broken symmetry in 1956 and early 1957.
In the 46 years since then, this revolution in physics has not yet made it across university campuses from the particle physics department to the electrical engineering department. Every electrical power system ever built, and all built today, extract all their Poynting energy flow directly from the vacuum, once the source dipolarity inside the generator and between its terminals has been established. Every electrical system is powered from the local vacuum and always has been, and the basis for that statement is rigorously proven in particle physics since 1957.
The use of the standard closed current loop circuit self-enforces Lorentz symmetrical regauging, so that half the collected energy in the external circuit (the intercepted and diverged Poynting energy flow pouring from the source dipole and out of the generator terminals, and filling space surrounding the external circuit's conductors) is dissipated against the charges of the source dipolarity inside the generator to scatter them, destroy the dipole, and thus shut off the free extraction of EM energy from the seething vacuum. The other half of the collected Poynting energy is dissipated in the external circuit's loads and losses, which means that more of the circuit's energy (and the power distribution line's energy) is used to destroy the generator's source dipole than is used to power the external load. Hence closed current loop circuit is self-limiting to COP<1.0, a priori.
One has to then input at least as much more shaft energy to the generator as was used to destroy the dipole. The shaft energy is transduced into magnetic field energy inside the generator via the rotation of the rotor, and all that magnetic field energy is then dissipated inside the generator to force positive charges (i.e., lattice holes) in one direction and electrons in the other, separating them and forming that source dipolarity between the terminals.
Simply put, we pay the power company to engage in a giant wrestling match inside its own generators and lose. And we train our electrical engineers to build only those electrical power systems that will do this continuously losing wrestling match.
No electrical engineering department, professor, or textbook presently teaches what really powers the power line, the electrical circuit, or an EM system. None ever has. Also, the standard Maxwell-Heaviside classical electrodynamics, used in electrical engineering, implicitly assumes that every EM field, EM potential, and joule of EM energy in the universe has been freely created from nothing at all, by the associated source charge(s), in complete contradiction of the conservation of energy law. This is a foundations modeling problem, in that the model does not include the vacuum's virtual energy exchange with the source charge, nor does it assume the charge's or dipole's proven asymmetry in that exchange. Instead, it just assumes an inert vacuum environment. Hence it assumes there is absolutely no energy input to the charge at all, but a steady output of observable EM energy in all directions. This was previously called the "most difficult problem in electrodynamics" some decades ago, but has since just been swept under the rug and excluded from University courses and texts.
I attach a small paper dealing with what is going to be a new revolution in physics and thermodynamics: Leyton's discovery and group theoretic proof of hierarchies of symmetry, extending my work on the energy problem as published in Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and Principles, 2002, 977 p., available from my website www.cheniere.org . Physics, thermodynamics, and electrodynamics are all strongly affected by Leyton's seminal discovery.
Any amount of EM energy desired can be extracted from the local vacuum in the form of a nonequilibrium steady state (NESS) flow, inappropriately called "static fields and potentials". Using Van Flandern's analogy, a waterfall may appear to be "static" in form, but it is actually a steady state flow with internal structure and dynamics, with its parts continuously moving and continuously being replaced. Simply see Whittaker's 1903 and 1904 proof that all EM fields and potentials are actually bidirectional EM longitudinal wave energy flows, and not static at all. They are in fact NESS systems.
There is no problem in establishing a "gusher" of EM energy directly from the vacuum; just make some charge or make a dipole. Once made, it will pour out real, observable EM energy indefinitely, so long as it is not destroyed. The problem is not in extracting an energy flow from the vacuum! Any magnitude of energy flow desired! With the gusher easily established, the problem is in then intercepting, diverging, and collecting the EM energy from the NESS flow in an appropriate circuit, and dissipating the collected energy in external loads --- without using half of the collected energy to destroy the "energy gusher" (as all systems presently do, because of their inane use of the closed current loop circuit).
To show that vacuum energy and its activity with very small charges and ions can indeed be extracted in usable quantities, we also call attention to "Quantum Power Source" by A. Nikulov, which can be downloaded from the web, at the following place: http://galeb.etf.bg.ac.yu/~vm/cd1/papers/108.pdf . Briefly, free EM energy and power can be continuously taken from Brownian motion, as strange as it sounds, and that has been experimentally proven and published in leading journals such as the Physical Review series.
E.g., simply immerse a little nano loop of conducting wire into a Brownian motion essentially surface solution of ions and charges. Only fluctuations averaging to zero occur, because symmetry has not been broken.
Then flatten one side of the same little nano coil, and re-insert it. Now, symmetry in the wire's reaction with the disordered Brownian random state has been broken, and self-ordering (Leyton shows that such a broken symmetry generates an overnesting symmetry at the next higher level!) occurs. Consequently, a small DC voltage and steady DC current appear in the unflattened side of the nano loop, while the flattened side acts as a resistive load and is steadily powered. About 10exp(-8) watt is produced by one such nano quantum power generator loop. With current nanotechnology, 10exp8 such asymmetrical generator loops can be incorporated in one square centimeter of surface Brownian motion, to yield one watt of free and steady output power. By vertical layering, say of 100 such surfaces, a steady 100 watt DC generator can be produced. A thousand layers will permit a free, steady state, DC generator of a kilowatt of power, and so on. As the technological techniques are worked out and production of such "integrated circuit" asymmetric quantum generators becomes more economical etc. in the future, one can directly expect such free power generators to be produced and commercially marketed. It becomes simply a question of getting the costs down, not a technical issue.
This is all now clearly understandable, and it presages the dawning of totally new electrical power systems, freely taking any amount of EM energy directly from the local vacuum, without the combustion of hydrocarbons, use of nuclear fuel in reactors to make heat for steam boilers to power steam turbines attached to generators, building of large hydroelectric dams and powerplants, etc.
We accent that a real though still embryonic science is being born here, and we thought that IEEE should be very interested in tracking developments in this emerging COP>1.0 and COP = infinity power area.
If you wish to check me out, please simply visit my website, www.cheniere.org, for a great deal of information on the coming energy from the vacuum. My new book, Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and Principles, is also available from the website as stated.
The theoretical side of energy from the vacuum is being very eloquently and rigorously developed by the Alpha Foundation's Institute for Advanced Study, under Director Myron W. Evans, with many contributing scientists and theorists in the organization, using a higher group symmetry O(3) electrodynamics. Some typical important papers along those lines are listed at the bottom of this message, for your convenience.
T. E. Bearden, Ph.D.
Magnetics Energy Ltd.