Date:
Mon, 24 Feb 2003 23:44:20 0600
Dear Art,
We continue to make
slow progress on the motionless electromagnetic generator, and believe
we are also making some progress on obtaining the necessary funding to
get on with it much faster. Presently of course, we do not have a large
generator capable of powering homes etc., but only a small series of
successful laboratory experiments. The generator also is highly
nonlinear, and involves several areas of unusual physics such as
geometric phase, nonlinear oscillation theory, and nonlinear control
theory. For adequate modeling, one's electrodynamics also has to model
the interaction of the local active vacuum, since all EM energy, fields,
and potentials come from the vacuum via the asymmetry of the source
charge(s) in their vacuum exchange. So one cannot use standard
electrical engineering to model it; instead, one has to use a higher
group symmetry electrodynamics such as in quaternion algebra or in O(3)
electrodynamics, etc.
Due to personnel
limitations, we are proceeding slowly until we succeed in obtaining a
major financial partner, so that a proper major laboratory staffed with
the required specialists and specialized instruments in those physics
areas can be set up. We continue to be confident we will obtain the
necessary funding, and that we will eventually succeed in developing a
commercial size MEG and getting it onto the market.
Noticing the purpose
of your alternative energy meeting in April, may I also call your
attention to the work of Alexey Nikulov and also the work of D. J. Evans
et al. (some references are at the end, for your convenience). The
second law of thermodynamics (which is an oxymoron that has always
assumed its own contradiction has first occurred) is falling, due to
very heavy onslaught both theoretically and experimentally by groups of
scientists worldwide. More on that later.
For
rigorous experimental proof that one can extract free electrical energy
from Brownian motion, simply do a Google search on Nikulov and "quantum
power source" and download a pdf file of Nikulov's paper by that
subject, "Quantum Power Source". It has been experimentally proven that
an asymmetric little nano loop of wire immersed in Brownian motion sets
up a steady DC voltage and DC current on one part of the loop, powering
the other part as a "load". About 10exp(8) watts are produced by one
such asymmetric nano loop. Some 10exp8 loops can  it appears by
present nanotechnology  be incorporated on a 1 cm square surface, to
provide 1 watt of power. By then "layering" or stacking a hundred such
surfaces, one will get a 100 watt power supply that is self contained
and never ceases furnishing power. A thousand of the surfaces will
yield a kilowatt of free electrical power. If the technology, tooling,
techniques etc. can be sufficiently developed so that the costs fall
sufficiently, then we shall see such power supplies directly extracting
EM energy from the vacuum in the future.
Thermodynamics is also headed for an eventual massive overhaul, once the
implications of Michael Leyton's hierarchies of symmetry work starts
being incorporated. Leyton's seminal work seems to perfectly explain,
e.g., the totally negentropic behavior of that asymmetric loop immersed
in Brownian motion. Note that a
symmetrical loop immersed in the same Brownian motion will
not do it, but will obey the Second Law.
D. J. Evans and Wang
et al. have experimentally shown that the Second Law can be violated at
the micron level and for up to two seconds. A cubic micron of water has
some 30 billion ions and molecules in it. A region of fluid containing
30 billion ions and molecules, in which interactions can and do run
backwards, is a very significant effect, and has significant
implications for chemistry, e.g. In an earlier paper and in my book,
Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and Principles, Cheniere Press, Santa
Barbara, CA, 2002, available from my website
www.cheniere.org, I used just such
little "reversal zones" to explain the mechanism for cold fusion, or
more appropriately, nuclear interactions at low energy. In such a
little reversal zone, the normal law of attraction and repulsion of
charges is temporarily reversed. Momentarily like charges attract and
unlike charges repel — and the socalled "Coulomb barrier" for like
charges becomes the "Coulomb attractor" for them In that case, e.g.,
two D+ ions can and will attract so closely together that each enters
the strong force region of the other, so the two become a quasinucleus
of He4. As the little reversal region decays back to normal, the strong
force simply tightens the nucleus, resulting in an alpha particle. This
is a perfectly legitimate nuclear transformation at low energy, due to
the reversal of the second law of thermodynamics and the reversal of the
Coulomb barrier. We also worked out a couple other specific nuclear
reactions that are found in a great number of the successful cold fusion
experiments. Indeed, nuclear chemistry will eventually have to be
dramatically expanded because of the large and growing number of
successful cold fusion experiments worldwide, and because of the known
violations of the Second Law of thermodynamics, particularly as shown by
Wang, Evans et al. in 2002.
My own work on the
source charge problem shows that the source charge and its associated EM
fields and potentials also violate the Second Law for any macroscopic
size level desired, and for any time duration desired. The source
charge consumes positive entropy in the virtual state (absorbs virtual
photons) to produce negative entropy at the next higher (observable)
level; i.e., the increasing, continuous potentialization of the source
charge. In turn, that newer and higher level symmetry has a broken
symmetry, so that the charge emits the influx of potential as observable
photons, in all directions, forming and continuously replenishing the
associated EM fields and potentials spreading at light speed across the
universe.
The emission is
dissipative and deterministic, so that the external fields and
potentials are deterministic as a function of radial distance (and time
of appearance). With the fields being deterministic formed by
dissipative dynamics, then the startling negative entropy theoretically
shown possible by Evans and Rondoni applies. It is believed that the
source charge and its fields and potentials comprise the first such
physical system proposed and capable of being shown experimentally.
The present
MaxwellHeaviside electrodynamics (and electrical engineering)
implicitly assumes that every EM field, EM potential, and joule of EM
energy in the universe is freely created out of nothing at all. This
terrible "source charge problem" has been hidden from the students for
decades, so long that even most of the electrical engineering professors
are not aware of it. It has no solution in the MaxwellHeaviside
classical electrodynamics, because that model assumes an inert empty
vacuum  and the input energy to the source charge is in virtual
photon form, from the vacuum exchange with the charge and the charge's
asymmetry in that exchange.
The present statement
of the First Law of thermodynamics also contains a false statement. In
thermodynamics, the mere change of the magnitude of an external
parameter (such as a field or a potential) of a system is a priori
defined as work, which is a false statement. Rigorously work is not the
change of magnitude of the energy, but the change of FORM of the
energy. Free change of a system's potential energy magnitude, without
any work at all, is guaranteed by the standard gauge freedom principle
of quantum field theory (our most modern theory, widely applied
throughout physics). So in the first law statement, if the energy is
input to the system in different form than the potential energy whose
magnitude is to be changed, then work is indeed done on the system. But
if the energy is input in the same energy form, then no work at all is
required.
This of course does
not change the conservation of energy law; it just changes the standard
thermodynamics assumption that a change in magnitude of an external
parameter of the system automatically is work. That is not true, and
never has been. Else we must totally discard gauge freedom, quantum
field theory, gauge field theory, and Lorentz's symmetrical regauging of
the MaxwellHeaviside equations so that one can get closed algebraic
solutions rather than having to always use numerical methods. In short,
that assumption in thermodynamics already is falsified by every
electrodynamics and every electrodynamics textbook.
I add some references
which you may wish to check or have checked.
Unfortunately I am
physically handicapped and unable to travel, so it is impossible for me
to any longer attend symposia and conferences unless they are local. I
cannot stand very long or walk very far, and will not be recovering past
the point I've already recovered to.
Very best wishes on
your conference/meeting in April, and I hope you find some of the above
information of interest to you with respect to it.
Best wishes,
Tom Bearden
References:
1. Alexey Nikulov,
"Quantum Power Source",
http://galeb.etf.bg.ac.yu/~vm/cd1/papers/108.pdf
. References in the paper are also much of interest.
