The Tom Bearden
Fogal's Charge-Barrier Semiconductor
Fogal's patented semiconductor can be rigged as a true negative resistor also, because it can perform asymmetrical self-regauging, and isolate its source dipole from much of the back emf current flow. It uses time-reversal to accomplish flow of current against the voltage.
The Pauli exclusion principle prohibits one from time-reversing a single fermion (spin 1/2 etc. entity) such as an electron. However, it does not exclude time-reversing bosons or quasi-bosons (spin-1 entities or multiples thereof). You just have to use even numbers of fermions, in order to time-reverse them. Whoever wishes to time-reverse a single electron anyway, in negative resistor power systems? You wish to time-reverse scads of them! So all it means is that you do that in even numbers only. But it's permissible by the laws of physics. So, yes, Fogal cannot time-reverse one electron by itself. But he can time-reverse gobs of them, to give a steady current against the voltage when he so rigs the semiconductor.
Fogal has experienced incredible difficulties in trying to get his patented semiconductor into production. It's a long story, but suffice it to say that multiple government agencies have tried to steal it from him — uh, pardon me, exercise what they euphemistically refer to as "march-in" rights.
Isn't that a neat little thieving, stealing, piracy phrase to put in the fine print of a U.S. Government contract!
So the government has tried to steal Bill's invention from him on several occasions. They even offered him a quite tidy sum of money in grant, if he would just thereby "sell" it to them. Since when do government agencies try to pry away a company's inventions and research fruits? The dastards are supposed to help the company to do further research and development. That's what the taxpayer has charged them with doing. So why are they acting as a bunch of thieves, robbers, and pirates?
Let me enlightenment you about under-the-table agreements. Widespread throughout government contracting there is a sweetheart deal of collusion and graft. It works this way: The government fellow in position to swing the large contracts to a major company, arrives at a personal (off the record, of course!) agreement with his favorite defense contractor. In return for him swinging some lucrative business to that company, then when the government fellow retires, he will go to work for that company as a Vice President with stock options, etc.
So he looks for things to swing to that company, including things he can "seize" under pretext of march-in rights, national security, etc. If he's a good gold digger for the company, it works like a charm. He swings in the gold to them, and he becomes a multimillionaire when he retires.
Could that have been involved in the cases regarding Bill's novel new semiconductor? There is no way to know. I certainly am not making any such allegation! What I'm saying is that this sort of thing is quite often done. It's often the rule rather than the exception. Remember, I worked in aerospace for 17 years. I saw it happen. It's even worse today.
So the question is: Why did these government agencies want to seize Bill's years of work and his patents, for peanuts? We will probably never know for sure. It is just very suspicious that such seizure and takeover language were in those proffered contracts. The burning question is: Why?
My own alma mater — which just happens to have a major government contract in semiconductor work with one of those agencies wishing to obtain "march-in" rights — then offered to help Fogal get his semiconductor into production. Ugh! In the fine print of the proposed contract they produced was a similar clause: All patents would have reverted to the University. Seems like even my own alma mater was greedy and conniving.
A host of vulture capitalists etc. have tried to "take it off his hands". So we'll have to see whether or not he will be able to get it into production. Just now the prognosis is not too good. Of course we're rooting mightily for Fogal, and helping all we can, and we do hope that somewhere there is a legitimate "deal" that isn't downright theft, that will allow Bill's chip to be produced. It will revolutionize several major fields if that ever happens.
I can tell you this. If CTEC ever succeeds, Bill Fogal will be endowed, and his semiconductor will indeed be produced and marketed. And under his own control and his own company.
You can find additional information at http://www.eskimo.com/~ghawk/fogal-device/