Dear
Mr. *****,
Sorry
to take awhile to answer your note and question.
Unfortunately,
just now there seems to be no methodical way to study what I called
scalar electromagnetics, as no integrated textbook yet exists and the
subject is still being developed.
However, there are certain papers and books that do shed much
light on the subject. I
will list 50 or so of some of the more important of these for your
convenience.
I
do not expect to see texts in the area in my lifetime, but perhaps in
two decades. The work
will go faster, of course, once the West recognizes that this is
identical to, or directly analogous to, the "energetics"
that the former Soviet Union so highly weaponized, and to the
resulting new superweapons that continue to be developed, deployed,
and tested today. Several
nations including China are engaged in such weaponization. If the
rigid scientific mindset against COP>1.0 Maxwellian systems (which
are indeed present in the MaxwellHeaviside theory prior to Lorentz'
arbitrary symmetrical regauging to make the equations easier to
solve), we shall very promptly have a permanent solution to the energy
crisis. Not a university
presently teaches what powers a dipolar circuit, even though the basis
for the correct answer  broken symmetry of the source dipole formed
in the generator or battery  has been wellknown and proven in
particle physics for over 40 years.
U(1) electrodynamics used to design and build the world's
electrical power plants
does not even include the vacuum interaction or the spacetime
curvature interactions, since it arbitrarily assumes the falsity of a
flat spacetime and an inert vacuum.
One is tempted to adapt a phrase from Nikola Tesla, that this
represents one of the most inexplicable aberrations of the scientific
mind that has ever been recorded.
At
any rate, a close colleague and I have finally and arduously
discovered nature's eerie mechanism by which any temporary overunity
condition in an electrical power system is decayed.
We have filed a patent application on the process for
transducing the decay energy into ordinary electron current, using it
as an input to the system, and thereby "clamping" and
locking a temporary surge of overunity into a sustained and stable
disequilibrium in the vacuum exchange.
This makes possible the development and advent of selfpowering
systems, since classical thermodynamics and its infamous second law no
longer applies. Instead,
the system is an open system far from equilibrium in its exchange with
the active vacuum. Hence,
under the thermodynamics of open dissipative systems, such a system is
permitted to exhibit five magical functions: it can exhibit (i)
selfordering, (ii) selfrotation or selfoscillation, (iii) output of
more energy than one oneself inputs (the excess energy is freely
received from the active vacuum), (iv) power itself and its load (all
the energy is freely received from the active vacuum), and (v) exhibit
negentropy. Every charge
and dipole in the universe exhibits all five of those functions, and
these are EM systems a priori in that there is no such thing as an
electrical power system without them.
The
best I can do is recommend some of the more important and pertinent
references. You can
easily download my current papers from my website, www.cheniere.org.
There are also many AIAS
papers to be downloaded from a DOE website I list in some of the
references below.
Very
best wishes in your research,
Tom
Bearden, Ph.D.
 Whittaker,
E. T., “On the Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical
Physics,” Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 57, 1903, p.
333355. However,
Whittaker's bidirectional EM longitudinal wavepairs should be
reinterpreted per my Giant Negentropy paper.
He interpreted the phase conjugate wave of each wavepair
only after it had been interacted with charge and thereby
transduced to a reemitted 3space longitudinal wave.
So he interpreted two effect waves with no causal wave;
i.e., radiation of energy without any input energy.
The phase conjugate wave, prior to interaction, is the
causal wave and is totally along the fourth Minkowski axis ict,
where the only variable is t.
Hence it is a timepolarized EM wave (a longitudinal EM
wave lying on the fourth axis).
This is necessary also to agree with Mandl and Shaw's
exposition. The main
point here is that there exists an "inner" 3space EM
structure inside every scalar potential and comprising it, and
this structure is fed by EM energy transduced from the time domain
(fed by timepolarized EM waves).
Since by superpotential theory all EM fields, waves, and
patterns can be decomposed into two scalar potential functions
with their imposed dynamics, then there is a far more fundamental
EM that is "infolded inside" all the normal textbook
electrodynamics. This
is where the unified field theory aspects and engineering is.
Every potential is already a true negative resistor, in
that unusable timepolarized EM energy is received from the fourth
axis by the source charge(s) of the potential, converted into EM
longitudinal wave energy in 3space, and reradiated in 3space in
all directions. At any point in space in that potential, there is
thus the continual exchange of EM energy from time to 3energy.
This also fits the mechanism that generates the flow of
time, and it very strongly shows that EM energy in 3space, is not
at all in the form we normally consider.
Instead of being "some 3energy only", it is a
dynamic ongoing process whereby transduction of timeenergy into
"3space energy" is occurring continuously.
When we "observe" or "detect" that by
interacting with another charge, we impose a d/dt operator upon
the 4space LLLT process, thus producing a frozen LLL snapshot
which itself only exists for that instant.
No observable "exists in time", since time is
wellknown to not be an observable.
A photon, however, is a piece of action (angular momentum),
not a piece of energy as is mistakenly said in half the textbooks.
It is an entity transporting (i) one piece of what we call
3spatial energy, and (ii) one piece of what we call
"time" which may be considered as 3space EM energy
compressed by csquared. The
highest energy photon is the low frequency photon, since spatial
energy and time energy are canonical in it, and the timeenergy
component is increased by the same factor that the spatial energy
is reduced. Further,
since the timeenergy is multiplied by the factor csquared when
it is transduced to spatial energy, there is enormously more
compressed spatial energy in the low frequency photon than the
small uncompressed spatial energy it transports.
The highest energy physics, far beyond what our present
high energy physics uses, is performed by low energy photons, in
the presence of transduction of some or all of the timeenergy
into uncompressed
3energy.
 Whittaker,
E. T., “On an
Expression of the Electromagnetic Field Due to Electrons by Means
of Two Scalar Potential Functions,” Proc. Lond. Math. Soc.,
Series 2, Vol. 1, 1904, p. 367372.
The paper was published in 1904 and orally delivered in
1903. This paper
initiated what today is called superpotential theory.
The important thing is that combining both Whittaker 1903
and Whittaker 1904 gives you the highly active EM that is infolded
inside every ordinary EM field, wave, pattern, etc.
Scientists have been looking at the "envelope" of
that dramatic, infolded EM that yields direct engineering of
unified field theory, and looking "outside" the envelope
for that unification, when for a century it has been there inside
the envelope, right beneath our noses.
 Sachs,
Mendel, General Relativity and Matter: A Spinor Field
Theory from Fermis to LightYears (Fundamental Theories of
Physics), Reidel (now
Kluwer), 1982. Provides
a great generalization of general relativity and electrodynamics
reaching from the quarks and gluons to the entire universe.
 Sachs,
Mendel, Quantum Mechanics from General Relativity: An
Approximation for a Theory of Inertia, Reidel (now Kluwer), 1986.
A generalization of quantum mechanics is demonstrated in
the context of general relativity, following from a generally
covariant field theory of inertia.
Nonrelativistically, the formalism corresponds with linear
quantum mechanics. In
the limit of special relativity, nonlinearity remains and several
new features are derived: (i) Particleantiparticle pairs do not
annihilate; an exact bound state solution is derived corresponding
with all experimental facts about annihilation/creation—which,
in approximation, gives the blackbody radiation spectrum for a sea
of such pairs. (ii) a result is proven, without approximation,
that is physically equivalent to the Pauli exclusion
principle—which in linear approximation gives the totally
antisymmetrised mainbody wave function and FermiDirac
statistics. (iii) The
hydrogen spectrum is derived, including the Lamb shifts, in
agreement with experiment; new results are found for highenergy
electronproton scattering. (iv)
Finally, several applications to the elementary particle domain
are demonstrated, in agreement with results from experimental
highenergy physics.
 Sachs,
Mendel, The Field Concept in Contemporary Science, Charles
C. Thomas Publishers, 1973. A
lucid, nonmathematical account of the role of the continuous
field concept in three major areas of twentieth century science:
the theory of electromagnetism, the theory of relativity, and the
contemporary theory that underlies phenomena in the microscopic
domain of atoms, molecules, and elementary particles  the
quantum theory. Electromagnetic
theory has been interpreted in terms of a continuous field of
potential force that electrically charged matter could exert on
other charged matter, should the test matter be placed at any of a
continuum of spatial points.
The formal expression of the theory of relativity has been
interpreted in terms of a continuous field geometry—the
continuous set of relations between the points of spacetime, as
determined by the matter distribution of a physically closed
system. The variables
of the quantum theory have been interpreted in terms of a field of
probability—the continuous distribution of a sequence of chances
that a macroscopic apparatus will determine that the microscopic
object will have one set of physical properties or another.
Each of these field theories is analyzed from the point of
view of its philosophical content, and the contrasting views in
terms of the atomistic theories are presented.
Discussion is given to the logically dichotomous and
compatible aspects of these theories as well as indications of
possible paths toward their unification into a general field
theory of matter. Biographical
backgrounds are given of the chief scientists whose works are
discussed.
 Sachs,
Mendel. "Relativistic
Implications in Electromagnetic Field Theory," in T. W.
Barrett and D. M. Grimes, eds., Advanced Electromagnetism,
World Scientific, 1995, p. 541559.
The most general expression for the field theory is in
terms of spinor and quaternion variables, rather than the vector
and tensor variables of the conventional expression of Maxwell's
theory. This
generalized expression leads to extra conservation laws and
invariants, thus increasing the predictive capacity of the theory.
 Anastasovski,
P. K.; T. E. Bearden, C. Ciubotariu, W. T. Coffey, L. B. Crowell,
G. J. Evans, Myron W. Evans, R. Flower, S. Jeffers, A. Labounsky,
B. Lehnert, M. Mészáros, P. R. Molnár, J.P. Vigier, and S.
Roy, "The New
Maxwell Electrodynamic Equations: New Tools for New
Technologies," Journal of New Energy, 4(3), Special
Issue of AIAS papers, Winter 1999.
60 papers by the Alpha Foundation's Institute for Advanced
Study, advancing electrodynamics to a nonAbelian, gauge theoretic
higher topology theory in (O)3 internal symmetry.
 Anastasovski,
P. K; Bearden, T. E; Ciubotariu, C; Coffey, W. T.; Crowell, L. B;
Evans, G. J; Evans, M. W; Flower, R; Jeffers, S; Labounsky, A;
Lehnert, B; Meszaros, M; Molnar, P. R; Vigier, J P; Roy, S.
"Classical electrodynamics without the Lorentz condition:
Extracting energy from the vacuum," Physica Scripta 61(5),
May 2000, p. 513517. It
is shown that if the Lorentz condition is discarded, the
MaxwellHeaviside field equations become the Lehnert equations,
indicating the presence of charge density and current density in
the vacuum. The Lehnert equations are a subset of the O(3)
YangMills field equations. Charge and current density in the
vacuum are defined straightforwardly in terms of the vector
potential and scalar potential, and are conceptually similar to
Maxwell's displacement current, which also occurs in the classical
vacuum. A demonstration is made of the existence of a time
dependent classical vacuum polarization which appears if the
Lorentz condition is discarded. Vacuum charge and current appear
phenomenologically in the Lehnert equations but fundamentally in
the O(3) YangMills theory of classical electrodynamics. The
latter also allows for the possibility of the existence of vacuum
topological magnetic charge density and topological magnetic
current density. Both O(3) and Lehnert equations are superior to
the MaxwellHeaviside equations in being able to describe
phenomena not amenable to the latter. In theory, devices can be
made to extract the energy associated with vacuum charge and
current.
 M.
W. Evans, P. K. Anastasovski, T. E. Bearden et al., "On
Whittaker's Representation of the Electromagnetic Entity in Vacuo,
Part V: The Production of Transverse Fields and Energy by Scalar
Interferometry," Journal of New Energy, 4(3), Special
Issue, Winter 1999, p. 7678.
 "Explanation
of the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator with O(3)
Electrodynamics," Foundations of Physics Letters,
14(1), Feb. 2001, p. 8794.
 M.
W. Evans, P. K. Anastasovski, T. E. Bearden et al.,
"Explanation of the Motionless Electromagnetic Generator with
the Sachs Theory of Electrodynamics," Foundations
of Physics Letters, 14(4), 2001, p. 387393 (in press);
"Operator Derivation of the Gauge Invariant Proca and Lehnert
Equation: Elimination of the Lorentz Condition," Foundations
of Physics, 39(7), 2000, p. 11231130; "Effect of Vacuum
Energy on the Atomic Spectra," Foundations of Physics
Letters, 13(3), June 2000, p. 289296; "Runaway Solutions
of the Lehnert Equations: The Possibility of Extracting Energy
from the Vacuum," Optik, 111(9), 2000, p. 407409;
"On the Representation of the MaxwellHeaviside Equations in
Terms of the Barut Field FourVector," Optik 111(6),
2000, p. 246248.
 Bearden,
T. E., "Energy from the Active Vacuum: The Motionless
Electromagnetic Generator," in M. W. Evans (Ed.), Modern
Nonlinear Optics, Second Edition, Wiley, 2002, 3 vols. (in
press), comprising a Special Topic issue as Vol. 114, I. Prigogine
and S. A. Rice (series eds.), Advances
in Chemical Physics, Wiley, ongoing.
 Bearden,
T. E., Extracting Energy from the Vacuum: Concepts and
Principles, (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002) (in process).
This book will contain some real bombshells, including
nature's strange decay mechanism for decaying the disequilibrium
state of overunity COP in an electrical power system, back to
COP<1.0, and how to transduce that decay mechanism into
additional EM energy input to the system, locking it into
disequilibrium and COP>1.0.
It also introduces the concept of the supersystem, which
includes (i) the physical electrical system and its dynamics, (ii)
the local active vacuum and its dynamics, and (iii) the local
curvatures of spacetime and their dynamics.
To properly analyze any COP>1.0 electrical power system,
components (ii) and (iii) of the supersystem must be analyzed, as
well as their interactions with the system, since the excess
energy is received by the system from those additional two
components of the supersystem.
 Bearden,
T. E. "Extracting
and Using Electromagnetic Energy from the Active Vacuum," in
M. W. Evans (ed.), Modern Nonlinear Optics, Second Edition,
Wiley, 2002, 3 vols. (in press), comprising a Special Topic issue
as vol. 114, I.
Prigogine and S. A. Rice (series eds.), Advances
in Chemical Physics, Wiley, ongoing.
 Bearden,
T. E. "Giant
Negentropy from the Common Dipole," Proceedings of
Congress 2000, St. Petersburg, Russia, Vol. 1, July 2000 , p.
8698. Also published
in Journal of New Energy, 5(1), Summer 2000, p. 1123.
On DoE open website http://www.ott.doe.gov/electromagnetic/papersbooks.html
and www.cheniere.org.
 Bearden,
T. E. "Bedini's
Method For Forming Negative Resistors In Batteries," Proceedings
of Congress 2000, St. Petersburg, Russia, Vol. 1, July 2000,
p. 2438. Also
published in Journal of New Energy, 5(1), Summer 2000, p.
2438. It is also
carried on DoE website http://www.ott.doe.gov/electromagnetic/papersbooks.html
and on http://www.cheniere.org.
 Bearden,
T. E. "Dark
Matter or Dark Energy?", Journal of New Energy, 4(4),
Spring 2000, p. 411. The
prevailing theories of universe creation indicate a given amount
of matter created, and still present in the universe.
For some time, half of the required matter has been
unobserved by astronomers and astrophysicists.
Recently the missing half of the predicted baryonic matter
was observed by the Hubble Space Telescope and announced by NASA.
However, there is insufficient mass to account for the
gravity that is observed to be holding the distant galaxies
together, as shown by observed star movements in them.
Some ninetenths of the gravity is still unexplained by the
predicted matter (now fully observed and accounted).
This is called the "dark matter" problem, where
some form of matter previously unknown must be present and
involved.
In
the present paper, Bearden points out the longneglected
nondiverged Heaviside component of the EM energy flow vector, far
greater in magnitude than the accounted small Poynting component
diverged around an interacting charge.
Heaviside discovered this enormous energy flow surrounding
every circuit, but could not account for its source, since it was
enormously greater than the small Poynting component diverged into
the circuit to power it. Lorentz
arbitrarily discarded the bothersome vast energy flow, reasoning
that it was "physically insignificant".
Since then, for a century electrodynamicists have
disregarded it entirely. This
energy is in fact present in the neighborhood of every EM field
interaction, and therefore is present at all interactions in the
astronomical entities involved in those distant galaxies.
Since the Heaviside dark energy is a normal EM energy flow,
it also must produce gravitational field.
Hence it must be at least a factor in producing, and may
produce all of, the missing gravity.
 Bearden,
T. E., "Mind Control and EM Wave Polarization Transductions,
Part I", Explore, 9(2), 1999, p. 59; Part II, Explore,
9(3), 1999, p. 61; Part III, Explore, 9(4,5), 1999, p.
100108.
 Bearden,
T. E., "EM Corrections Enabling a Practical Unified Field
Theory with Emphasis on TimeCharging Interactions of Longitudinal
EM Waves," Explore, 8(6), 1998, p. 716.
 .]
Floyd Sweet and T. E. Bearden, "Utilizing Scalar
Electromagnetics to Tap Vacuum Energy," Proceedings of the
26th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC
'91), Boston, Massachusetts, 1991, p. 370375.
Sweet's device produced 500 watts for a 33 microwatt input.
A highly successful antigravity experiment was also
performed, and is reported in the paper.
Unfortunately Sweet later died and never fully revealed the
activation secret by which barium ferrite magnetic materials could
be in selfoscillation at 60 Hertz.
Weak selfoscillation of such permanent magnetic materials
at higher frequency is known, of course; e.g., see references by
L'vov.
 Mandl,
F. and G. Shaw, Quantum Field Theory, Wiley, 1984, under
the heading "Convariant Quantization of the Photon
Propagator" in Chapter 5.
A deeper coverage of the photon polarizations.
Mandl and Shaw argue that the longitudinal and scalar
polarizations are not directly observable, but only in
combination, where they manifest as the "instantaneous"
Coulomb (i.e., electrostatic) potential.
Our comment is that this argument, translated from particle
terminology to wave terminology, directly fits my
reinterpretation of Whittaker's 1903 decomposition of the scalar
potential, as pointed out in my paper "Giant Negentropy from
the Common Dipole," Journal of New Energy, 5(1),
Summer 2000, p. 1123.
However, Mandl and Shaw fail to account for the assumed
interaction of the detecting/observing unit point charge, and thus
fail to account for the absorption of the incoming timepolarized
wave or photon, the transduction of that excitation energy of the
charge into longitudinal EM wave/photon energy, and the subsequent
emission of that excitation energy in 3space. Thus Mandl and Shaw
missed the timeexcitation charging
via absorption of the "coupled" timepolarized EM
wave/photon, and the decay by emission of 3space longitudinal EM
wave/photon. This
interaction has been erroneously omitted in physics prior to our
recognition of it. So
Mandl and Shaw do not account for photon (or wave) polarization
transduction, where the "causal" timepolarized EM wave
or photon comes in and is absorbed by the detecting charge or
dipole, then reemitted as the longitudinally polarized EM wave or
photon in 3space. Recognition
of these missing facts allowed at last a solution to the
longvexing problem of the source charge, often called the
greatest problem in both quantum and classical electrodynamics.
 Ryder,
Lewis H., Quantum Field Theory, Second Edition, Cambridge
University Press, 1996, p. 147+.
Covers the four polarizations of the photon.
 Some
of my earlier, cruder weapons papers and books are being carried
on www.cheniere.org. In
the future, I plan to add updates of these, probably in a sort of
"members only" section.
 Conventional
quantum field theory references and texts.
 Prigogine,
Ilya (with T. Petrosky), "Laws of Nature, Probability and
Time Symmetry Breaking," Physica A, Vol. 263, 1999, p.
528539.
 Prigogine,
Ilya with D. Kondepudi, Modern Thermodynamics: From Heat
Engines to Dissipative Structures, Wiley, Chichester, 1998.
 Prigogine,
Ilya, with D. Kondepudi, "Thermodynamics,
Nonequilibrium," Encyclopedia of Applied Physics, Vol.
21, 1997, p. 311337.
 Prigogine,
Ilya, From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the
Physical Sciences, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco,
1980; (with G. Nicolis), SelfOrganization in NonEquilibrium
Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order through Fluctuations,
Wiley, New York, 1977.
 Lee,
T. D., "Can Time Be a Discrete Dynamical Variable?", Physics
Letters, 122B(3, 4), Mar. 10, 1983, p. 217220.
Also in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg,
Ed., Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 3, p. 7780,
Examines possibility of time as a discrete dynamical
variable, across the range of mechanics: from classical to
nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, and then to relativistic
quantum field theories. In
all stages of mechanics, time can be treated as a discrete
parameter, and it can also be treated as a bona fide dynamic
variable.
 Lee,
T. D., "Question of Parity Conservation in Weak
Interactions," Physical Review, 104(1), Oct. 1, 1956,
p. 254259. The
question of parity conservation in b
decays and in hyperon and meson decays is examined.
Possible experiments are suggested which might test parity
conservation in these interactions.
Also in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg,
Ed., Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p. 239243.
Errata are given in ibid., p. 244 and in Phys. Rev.
106(6), June 15, 1957, p. 1371.
 Lee,
T. D, Reinhard Oehme, and C. N. Yang, "Remarks on Possible
Noninvariance under Time Reversal and Charge Conjugation," Physical
Review, 106(2), 1957, p. 340345.
Also in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg,
Ed., Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p. 251256.
Interrelations between the nonconservation properties of
parity, time reversal, and charge conjugation are discussed.
The results are stated in two theorems.
The experimental implications for the KK(bar) complex are
discussed in the last section.
 Lee,
T. D., "Weak Interactions and Nonconservation of
Parity," Nobel Lecture, Dec. 11, 1957.
In T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg, Ed.,
Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 1, p. 3244. "In the previous
talk Professor Yang has outlined to you the position of our
understandings concerning the various symmetry principles in
physics prior to the end of last year.
Since then, in the short period of one year the proper
roles of these principles in various physical processes have been
greatly clarified. This
remarkably rapid development is made possible only through the
efforts and ingenuities of many physicists in various laboratories
all over the world. To
have a proper perspective and understanding of these new
experimental results it may be desirable to review very briefly
our knowledge about elementary particles and their
interactions."
 Lee,
T. D., "Is the Physical Vacuum a Medium?", Transactions
of the New York Academy of Sciences, Series II, Vol. 40, Sep.
15, 1980, p. 111123. Also
in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg, Ed.,
Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p. 213225.
Goes into the structure of the vacuum past quantum
electrodynamics.
 Lee,
T. D., "Space Inversion, Time Reversal and
ParticleAntiparticle Conjugation," Physics Today,
19(3), Mar. 1966, p. 2331. Also
in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg, Ed.,
Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p.437444.
"As we expand our observation, we extend our concepts.
Thus the simple symmetries that once seemed selfevident
are no longer taken for granted.
Out of studies of different kinds of interactions we are
learning that symmetry in nature is some complex mixture of
changing plus into minus, running time backward and turning things
inside out."
 Lee,
T. D., "A Theory of Spontaneous T Violation," Physical
Review D, 8(4), 15 Aug. 1973, p. 12261239.
Also in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers, Gerald Feinberg,
Ed., Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p.516529.
 Lee,
T. D., "C, P, T
Symmetries," in T. D. Lee, Selected Papers,
Gerald Feinberg, Ed., Birkhauser, Boston, 1986, Vol. 2, p.472485.
 Lee,
T. D. and C. N. Yang, "Parity Nonconservation and a
TwoComponent Theory of the Neutrino," Physical Review,
105(5), Mar. 1, 1957, p. 16711675.
On p. 380381, Lee shows how there is no symmetry of matter
alone, but only of matter and vacuum.
On p. 383, Lee points out that the microstructure of the
scalar vacuum field (i.e., of vacuum charge) is not utilized.
Particularly see Lee’s own indication of
the possibility of using vacuum engineering, in his
“Chapter 25: Outlook: Possibility of Vacuum Engineering,” p.
824828. Our comment:
Actually this vacuum engineering can be accomplished by the use of
dipolarities and longitudinal EM waves, since all ordinary EM
energy in space (or in vacuum) is merely bundles of longitudinal
EM waves and their dynamics.
The input of energy to these waves and to every point of
them is from precisely associated timepolarized EM waves.
Assemblies of such LWs fed by TPWs is called a "vacuum
engine" or a "spacetime curvature engine".
Actually an organized set of spacetime curvatures is formed
and used. In theory,
an "engine" can be designed and built to accomplish upon
and in matter any action or set of actions desired, including
alteration of the atomic nucleus and even alteration and change of
the quarks and gluons inside the nucleons.
The action arises from every point in local spacetime,
including inside the nucleons, hence there is no coulomb barrier
involved. It is even
possible (has been done by the Russians) to develop entire
functional systems, of such bundles of LWs comprising
"engines". Any
function of a normal system can be builtin, in theory.
Thus the KGB developed a series of such nonmaterial
"robot systems", under control by LW communications.
Mass is mostly empty space, somewhat similar on the
microscale to a solar system on the macroscale, where the empty
space between particles is filled with EM fields and potentials
 all of which are simply "superhighways" for
longitudinal EM waves and nonmaterial robots.
It is difficult to make a single robot, but once made, any
number can be cloned for pennies.
Simply embed the robot in an ordinary EM signal, record it
on a CDROM, contact the new clone robot via LW communication, and
add it to the arsenal. Combat
excursions and aggressive tests of such robots has already
occurred. In any
great future conflict, such robots are likely to play a major
role, if not the
major role.
 Lehnert,
B. and S. Roy, Extended Electromagnetic Theory: SpaceCharge in
Vacuo and the Rest Mass of the Photon, World Scientific, New
Jersey, 1999. Extended
forms of Maxwell's equations as well as EM fields, based on a
nonzero divergence of the electric field and a nonzero electric
conductivity in vacuo. Predicts
the existence of both longitudinal and transverse solutions, space
charge in vacuo, steady EM equilibria, a photon rest mass and a
photon axial magnetic field.
 Lehrman,
R. L., “Energy is not the ability to do work,” Physics
Teacher, Vol. 15, 1973, p. 15.
Critiques the persistent non sequitur
that energy is the capacity to do work, as an incorrect
relationship. This
non sequitur continues its almost universal use in textbooks. [In
the nineteenth century T. Young introduced a definition of energy
in terms of a relation between energy and work as "energy is
the ability to do work."]
 Letokhov,
V. S., “Laser Maxwell’s Demon,” Contemporary Physics,
36(4), 1995, p. 235243; V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by
a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Zh.
Eksp. Teor. Fiz., Vol. 53, 1967, p. 1442; “Stimulated
emission of an ensemble of scattering particles with negative
absorption,” ZhETF Plasma, 5(8), Apr. 15, 1967, p.
262265.
 Lindsay,
Robert Bruce, “The concept of energy and its early historical
development,” Foundations of Physics, 1(4), 1971, p.
383393. Investigates
the concept of energy from its early historical origin, from
ancient times through the 18th century.
Points out that the heart of the concept of energy is the
notion of invariance
in the midst of change.
 Lindsay,
Robert Bruce and Henry Margenau, Foundations of Physics,
Dover, NY, 1963, p. 283. Emphasizes
that a “field of force” at any point is actually defined only
for the case when a unit mass is present at that point. p.
217: When a system departs from equilibrium conditions, its
entropy must decrease.
Thus the energy of an open system not in equilibrium must
always be greater than the energy of the same system when it is
closed or in equilibrium, since the equilibrium state is the state
of maximum entropy.
 Lorentz,
H. A., Vorlesungen über Theoretische Physik an der Universität
Leiden, Vol. V, Die Maxwellsche Theorie (19001902),
Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig, 1931, "Die
Energie im elektromagnetischen Feld," p. 179186.
Figure 25 on p. 185 shows the Lorentz concept of
integrating the Poynting vector around a closed cylindrical
surface surrounding a volumetric element.
This is the procedure which arbitrarily selects only a
small component of the energy flow associated with a
circuit—specifically, the small Poynting component striking the
surface charges and being diverged into the circuit to power
it—and then treats that tiny component as the "entire"
Poynting energy flow. Thereby
Lorentz arbitrarily discarded all the extra Heaviside energy
transport component which does not strike the circuit at all, and
is just wasted.
 Lorenz,
Ludvig Valentin. (1867)
"On the identity of the vibrations of light with
electrical currents," Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 34,
1867, p. 287301. In this paper Lorenz gave essentially what today
is called the Lorentz symmetrical regauging.
Comment:
(by Terry Barrett) This
paper gave f(tr/c) functions.
Fitzgerald said that Lorenz's functions were essentially
the same as his, and Fitzgerald became a leading proponent of
"retarded potentials".
But it is believed that Fitzgerald was unaware of Lorenz's
work until the 1880's, so he is given credit for parallel
development. Some
people talk of FitzgeraldLorenz functions.
This is a regauging, but the term "gauge"
(inspired by railroad gauges) was first introduced by Hermann Weyl
in the 1900s. He used
it for a change in length and was shot down by Einstein—Weyl's
theory was not relativistic.
The idea resurfaced in the 1920s when quantum theory was
being formulated, but this time it meant "change in
phase" and not "change in length".
That's a far cry from its inspiration of changing railroad
gauge. Comment by
T.E.B.: Thus "Lorentz" regauging of Maxwell's
equations really was first done by Lorenz in 1967.
However, not too much attention was paid to L. Lorenz' work
(e.g., by Fitzgerald). When
H. A. Lorentz later used symmetrical regauging (essentially
Lorenz' regauging), his influence was so great that it was adopted
straightaway.
 L'vov,
V. S., Wave
Turbulence Under Parametric Excitation: Applications to Magnets, Springer
Series in Nonlinear Dynamics, SpringerVerlag, New York, 1994.
Selfoscillation in permanent magnets.
Professor L'vov is with the Department of Physics, Weizmann
Institute of Science, Israel.
 L'vov,
V. S. and L. A. Prozorova, "Spin Waves Above the Threshold of
Parametric Excitation," in A. S. BorovikRomanov and S. K.
Sinha, Eds., Spin Waves and Magnetic Excitations,
NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 1988.
Deals with the formation of selfoscillating spin waves
which occur above parametric excitation.
These occur when internal stability does not occur, and
evidence themselves as oscillations of magnetization.
The frequencies of the oscillations usually lie in the
range from tens of kilohertz to tens of megahertz.
At small abovethreshold ratios, the shape of the
oscillations is nearly sinusoidal.
At larger ratios, the shape differs appreciably from
sinusoidal. At still
larger ratios, the oscillations become chaotic.
 L'vov,
V. S., NonLinear Spin Waves, Moscow, 1987, p. 270.
 Mandelstam,
L. [Mendel'shtam, L. I.], N. Papalexi, A. Andronov, S. Chaikin and
A. Witt, "Report on Recent Research on Nonlinear
Oscillations," Translation of "Expose Des Recherches
Recentes Sur Les Oscillations Non Lineaires," Technical
Physics of the USSR, Leningrad, Vol. 2, 1935, p. 81134.
NASA Translation Doc. TT F12,678, Nov. 1969.
 Maxwell,
James Clerk, "A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic
Field," Royal Society Transactions, Vol. CLV, 1865, p
459. Read Dec. 8,
1864. Also in
The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, 2
vols. bound as one, edited by W. D. Niven, Dover, New York, 1952,
Vol. 1, p. 526597. Two
errata are given on the unnumbered page prior to page 1 of Vol. 1.
In this paper Maxwell presents his seminal theory of
electromagnetism, containing 20 equations in 20 unknowns.
His general equations of the electromagnetic field are
given in Part III, General Equations of the Electromagnetic Field,
p. 554564. On p.
561, he lists his 20 variables.
On p. 562, he summarizes the different subjects of the 20
equations, being three equations each for magnetic force, electric
currents, electromotive force, electric elasticity, electric
resistance, total currents; and one equation each for free
electricity and continuity.
In the paper, Maxwell adopts the approach of first arriving
at the laws of induction and then deducing the mechanical
attractions and repulsions.
 McCrea,
W. H., Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. A, Vol. 240, 1957, p. 447TBD.
Gives the general properties in tensor form of
superpotentials and their gauge transformations.
His treatment is more concise than that of Nisbet, but
entirely equivalent when translated into ordinary spacetime
coordinates.
 Nisbet,
A., Physica, Vol. 21, 1955, p. 799TBD.
Extends the Whittaker and Debye twopotential solutions of
Maxwell’s equations to points within the source distribution.
This is a full generalization of the vector superpotentials
(for media of arbitrary properties, together with their relations
to such scalar potentials as those of Debye.
 Debye,
P., Ann. Phys.,
Leipzig, Vol. 30, 1909, p. 57TBD. Introduces a solution to
Maxwell's equations in terms of two scalar potentials.
These two scalar potentials are different from the two
potentials utilized by E.T. Whittaker in 1904.
 Modern
Nonlinear Optics, M.W. Evans, ed., Second Edition, 3 vols., Wiley,
NY, 2001 (in press). A
host of papers on many subjects, many of them in O(3)
electrodynamics and unified field theory, or directly related.
9
July 2001
Dear
Dr. T. E. Bearden,
1.
I am a M. Sc. electrical and electronic engineer from Technion, Haifa,
Israel. I have a practical experience of about 30 years in industry.
2.
I am reading through your website http://www.cheniere.org
and I understand that I have to learn a lot.
3.
I tried to find some books you published (as Towards a New
Electromagnetics Parts IIV) and I did not find any.
4.
Would you be so kind to teach about a methodical way to learn about
scalar electromagnetics. For the moment I am interested in its
application for human beeings and for electrical system.
Thanking
in advance for yours kindness yours sincerely
Haifa
Israel
