TOWARD A NEW ELECTROMAGNETICS
PART III: CLARIFYING THE VECTOR CONCEPT
-- What Force Is --
We now note that force, for example, is -- and may be defined as -- the time-rate of change of momentum, or
and this identity states that a force --
any force is COMPRISED OF time-changing "mass-motion."
As such, the force vector is a mass-system vector, not just a massless
spatial vector. Fundamentally, this mass-system vector is a
totally different creature from a massless spatial vector. Our
present manner of considering force as a geometer's vector
"separately applied to" a mass particle is completely
erroneous at the quantum level. Instead, fundamentally force is
always a mechanic's vector. Force is an EFFECT, not a CAUSE.